Regular use of cocaine can lead to strong psychological dependence (addiction). Those who abruptly stop their cocaine use can experience cocaine addiction withdrawal symptoms as they readjust to functioning without the drug. The length of cocaine addiction withdrawal varies from person to person and also depends on the amount and frequency of use.
- intense craving for the drug
- extreme fatigue
- lack of motivation
- muscle pain
Opiates are a class of drug that is derived from the opium poppy, most commonly heroin and many narcotic pain medications which are some of the most addictive and harmful of drugs. There are also synthetic opiates that don’t come from the poppy plant, but which have a similar effect. Many prescription drugs are opiates, including Oxycontin, Percocet, Lorcet, Vicodin, Dilaudid and MSContin. People who abuse heroin or pain medications gradually develop a habit, having to take a certain amount of the drug every day in order to avoid withdrawal symptoms. This habit will intensify over time as more drugs will be needed to maintain the same effect.
Benzodiazepines such as Xanax and Valium have long been prescribed for substance abuse withdrawal, insomnia and anxiety. Unfortunately, these drugs also have a high potential for abuse. They are both physically and psychologically addictive, and a dependent person will experience withdrawal symptoms, similar to alcohol withdrawal, if they stop taking them suddenly.
Alcohol is by far the most commonly abused drug in the United States. Government estimates say that more than 17 million Americans have a substance abuse issue with alcohol. A good percentage of these are heavy, daily drinkers. Consuming large quantities of alcohol on a regular basis can make the body dependent. In the most severe cases, alcohol withdrawal results in a condition called delirium tremens (D.T.’s), which can be fatal if not properly treated.
Chronic Pain and Addiction
Research has shown that more than 50 million Americans suffer from various types of chronic pain . Joint pain, back pain and headaches appear to be the most common causes of chronic pain. Chronic pain can take a huge toll on the individual, preventing them from working, playing or even socializing.
In many cases, the person with chronic pain suffers from some form of depression as their quality of life continues to deteriorate. Many people fear that the only solution to relieve their chronic pain lies in taking opiates or medication for chronic pain treatment(which they might end up addicted to).